If you're confused about the difference between a community garden and a communal garden, you're not the only one. A community garden can be any gardening space open to and maintained by members of a community. Within this broad definition, there are two basic models: communal and allotment.
Communal Gardens are based on the premise of “shared work, shared harvest” where all members share the workload and the rewards. A work schedule is provided to the members to ensure smooth operation and maintenance of the garden. Garden beds are not subdivided for individual use but instead, members collectively manage and garden the beds. The resulting produce is distributed among the members, or in some cases donated entirely to a charitable cause.
In contrast, Allotment Gardens are subdivided beds within the garden area that are rented to individuals/families for their gardening use. Each bed is independently maintained and harvested by the bed owner and the owner while respecting general garden rules is able to garden and harvest on their own schedule.